Friday, 20 July 2012

10: Sorting, Grouping, and Filtering Cells in Excel 2007

A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet can contain a great deal of information. With more rows and columns than previous versions, Excel 2007 gives you the ability toanalyze and work with an enormous amount of data. To most effectively use this data, you may need to manipulate this data in different ways. 

In this lesson, you will learn how to sortgroup, and filter data in various ways that will enable you to most effectively and efficiently use spreadsheets to locate and analyze information.

Sorting, Grouping, Filtering

Sorting, Grouping, and Filtering


Sorting lists is a common spreadsheet task that allows you to easily reorder your data. The most common type of sorting is alphabetical ordering, which you can do in ascending or descending order.
To Sort in Alphabetical Order:
  • Select a cell in the column you want to sort (In this example, we choose a cell in column A).
  • Click the Sort & Filter command in the Editing group on the Home tab.
  • Select Sort A to Z. Now the information in the Category column is organized in alphabetical order.

You can Sort in reverse alphabetical order by choosing Sort Z to A in the list.
To Sort from Smallest to Largest:
  • Select a cell in the column you want to sort (a column with numbers).
  • Click the Sort & Filter command in the Editing group on the Home tab.
  • Select From Smallest to Largest. Now the information is organized from the smallest to largest amount.
You can sort in reverse numerical order by choosing From Largest to Smallest in the list.
To Sort Multiple Levels:
  • Click the Sort & Filter command in the Editing group on the Home tab.
  • Select Custom Sort from the list to open the dialog box.
  • Select the Data tab.
  • Locate the Sort and Filter group.
  • Click the Sort command to open the Custom Sort dialog box. From here, you can sort by one item, or multiple items.
Sort from Data Tab

  • Click the drop-down arrow in the Column Sort by field, and choose one of the options. In this example, Category.
Custom Sort Dialog Box

  • Choose what to sort on. In this example, we'll leave the default as Value.
  • Choose how to order the results. Leave it as A to Z so it is organized alphabetically.
  • Click Add Level to add another item to sort by.
Add Level

  • Select an option in the Column Then by field. In this example, we chose Unit Cost.
  • Choose what to sort on. In this example, we'll leave the default as Value.
  • Choose how to order the results. Leave it as smallest to largest.
  • Click OK.
Sort 2nd Level

The spreadsheet has been sorted. All the categories are organized in alphabetical order, and within each category, the unit cost is arranged from smallest to largest.
Remember all of the information and data is still here. It's just in a different order.

Grouping Cells Using the Subtotal Command

Grouping is a really useful Excel feature that gives you control over how the information is displayed. You mustsort before you can group. In this section we will learn how to create groups using the Subtotal command.
To Create Groups with Subtotals:
  • Select any cell with information in it.
  • Click the Subtotal command. The information in your spreadsheet is automatically selected and the Subtotal dialog box appears.

  • Decide how you want things grouped. In this example, we will organize by Category.
  • Select a function. In this example, we will leave the SUM function selected.
  • Select the column you want the Subtotal to appear. In this example, Total Cost is selected by default.
  • Click OK. The selected cells are organized into groups with subtotals.
Subtotal Example

To Collapse or Display the Group:
  • Click the black minus sign, which is the hide detail icon, to collapse the group.
  • Click the black plus sign, which is the show detail icon, to expand the group.
  • Use the Show Details and Hide Details commands in the Outline group to collapse and display the group, as well.
Outline Group Commands

To Ungroup Select Cells:
  • Select the cells you want to remove from the group.
  • Click the Ungroup command.
  • Select Ungroup from the list. A dialog box will appear.
  • Click OK.

To Ungroup the Entire Worksheet:
  • Select all the cells with grouping.
  • Click Clear Outline from the menu.

Filtering Cells

Filtering, or temporarily hiding, data in a spreadsheet very easy. This allows you to focus on specific spreadsheet entries.
To Filter Data:
  • Click the Filter command on the Data tab. Drop-down arrows will appear beside each column heading.

  • Click the drop-down arrow next to the heading you would like to filter. For example, if you would like to only view data regarding Flavors, click the drop-down arrow next to Category.
Filter Records
  • Uncheck Select All.
  • Choose Flavor.
  • Click OK. All other data will be filtered, or hidden, and only the Flavor data is visible.

To Clear One Filter:
  • Select one of the drop-down arrows next to a filtered column.
  • Choose Clear Filter From....
Clear Filter

To remove all filters, click the Filter command.
Filtering may look a little like grouping, but the difference is that now I can filter on another field, if I want to. For example, let’s say I want to see only the Vanilla-related flavors. I can click the drop-down arrow next to Item, and select Text Filters. From the menu, I’ll choose Contains because I want to find any entry that has the word vanillain it. A dialog box appears. We’ll type Vanilla, and then click OK. Now we can see that the data has been filtered again and that only the Vanilla-related flavors appear.

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